Youth bulges have become a global phenomenon and Kenya is no exception to this trend. In Kenya today, the youth bulge presents a number of challenges for both the youth and the country. In Kenya today, the youth would be considered the most abundant asset and with current trends, will continue to be key resource for some time into the future. Engaging the youth population fully in activity of mutual benefit can no longer be ignored in the country’s development agenda.

The Government of Kenya in the year 2007 developed a plan emphasizing the importance of a coordinated and multi-sectorial approach to addressing the problem of youth unemployment. In April 2009, the Kazi Kwa Vijana (KKV) was launched with the intention to employ 200,000 - 300,000 Kenyans, primarily the youth in rural and urban areas. To further strengthen the KKV programme, the government launched the Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP) in July 2010. The Kenya Youth Empowerment Program (KYEP) first component objective was to support the Government of Kenya’s efforts to increase access to youth-targeted temporary employment in rural and urban areas by initiating labor–intensive public works projects implemented by different ministries.

The Kenya Youth Empowerment Program (KYEP) Component 2: Private Sector Internships and Training program (2010-2014) addressed issues raised by Kenyan employers, especially lack of skills and work experience for disadvantaged youth in Kenya. The Kenya Private Sector Alliance was the implementing partner for the programme that aimed to provide job training and internships to 10,000 youth who are aged between 15-29 years, have had a minimum of 8 years of schooling, are out of school for at least a year and are not working. The choice of internship duration as well as training type and delivery method was completely employer-driven, identifying skillset requirement and developing specific training plans. The internships were provided in the six sectors namely: Energy; Finance; Tourism; ICT; Manufacturing and MSE.

The researcher adopted a Case Study approach and examined data from various sources collected by the main participating partners of the KYEP, in order to answer the cause and effect questions.

Key Words: Government Structural policies, Youth Empowerment

Full Text:



Isahakia, M. (2010). “Foreword”. In Kazi Kwa Vijana Operations Manual: (I), Nairobi: Office of the Prime Minister.

International Labor Office (2010). Innovations in public employment programmes, (Global Jobs Pact Policy Brief No. 2) Geneva: ILO.

Republic of Kenya, ‘Effective Management for Sustainable Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction’, National Development Plan, 2002–2008, Government Printer, Nairobi, 2002.

Republic of Kenya, Sector Plan for Labour, Youth and Human Resource Development, 2008–2012, Ministry of Labour, Nairobi, 2008b.

Zepeda, E., L. Ndirangu, F. Leigh and J. Omollo, Kenya’s Youth Unemployment: the transition from child to adult in a rapidly changing country, 2013

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Kenya National Human Development Report 2009: Youth and Human Development–Tapping the Untapped Resource, UNDP, Nairobi, 2010.

Republic of Kenya, 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Volume II, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Nairobi, 2010b.

Republic of Kenya, Economic Survey, Government Printer, Nairobi, 2011a.

Republic of Kenya, Second Annual Progress Report on the Implementation of the First MediumTerm Plan (2008–2012), Monitoring and Evaluation Directorate, Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, Nairobi, 2011b.

Kenya country report for the 2014 MinisterialConference On Youth Employment, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 21-23 July, 2014

Sessional Paper No. 4 of 2013, “Employment Policy and Strategy for Kenya”

Sessional Paper No. 14 of 2012, “Reforming Education and Training sectors in Kenya”

MoEST – National Education Sector Plan 2013

Omolo Jacob – Draft paper on Youth Unemployment, 2014

Second Medium Term Plan 2013-2017 (Ministry of Devolution and Planning, the National Treasury)

WWW.TRADINGECONOMICS.COM /Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

Republic of Kenya, Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation, 2003–

, Government Printer, Nairobi, 2003a

Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), January 2013 Kenya's Youth


  • There are currently no refbacks.