Kenya’s devolved governance is based on Article 6(2) laws of Kenya, constitution 2010, which describes governments at two levels as being distinct and inter-dependent and which conduct their mutual relations on the basis of consultation and cooperation. The specific objectives that guided this study encompassed the following; Finding out how county structures, financing, staffing levels and leadership styles are having an effect on county establishment in Kenya. The scope of the study was be limited to the challenges facing implementation of the county governance system in Kenya. The study population used was the 14 counties that entailed 235 members of the county that include members of the county Assembly, Governors, senators, public service board members and three staff members from each of the counties. In this report questionnaires were used to acquire data. The data was analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics Package version 20. To ensure reliability of the instrument Cronbach’s Alpha was used. The study provided two types of data analysis; descriptive and inferential. The descriptive analysis helped the study to describe the relevant aspects of the phenomenon under study. The frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation were determined. For the inferential analysis, the study used Pearson correlation and multivariate regression analysis techniques to establish the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. The study found out that Devolution creates sub-national entities which provide additional accountability mechanisms due to physical proximity making it easier for citizens to hold their local officials accountable for their performance while it also provides channels for expression and ensures that varying interests of stakeholders are balanced and decisions are made in a rational, informed and transparent manner.

Key words: Devolution, Transformation Leadership, HR organizational structure, Administrative structure

Full Text:



Bass, B.M and Riggio, R (2006). Transformational Leadership. 2nd ed. Psychology Press.

Bass, B. M. & Riggio, R. E. (2008). Transformational Leadership. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Benton, J. (2003). “County Government Structure and County Revenue Policy: What‟s the Connection?” State & Local Government Review, 35 (2), 78-89.

Chaney, P. (2012). Additional Learning Needs Policy in the Devolved Polities of the UK: a systems perspective. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 12 (1): 28-36.

Cole, G (2004). Management Theory and Practice. Cengage Learning EMEA.

Cooper, D.R and Schindler, P (2006). Business Research Methods. 9th ed. McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Engelbert, E (1942). A Decade of County Government Reorganization in North Dakota. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Jun., 1942), pp. 508-515

Hassin, A (2010). Effective Diagnosis in Organisation Change Management. Journal of Business Systems, Governance & Ethics. 2010, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p23-29.

Hubbel, K (1987). The Devolution of Power in Sri Lanka: A Solution to the Separatist Movement? Asian Survey, Vol. 27, No. 11 (Nov., 1987), pp. 1176-1187

Kamisan, A and King, B (2013). Transactional and Transformational Leadership: A Comparative Study of the Difference between Tony Fernandes (Airasia) and Idris Jala (Malaysia Airlines) Leadership Styles from 2005-2009. International Journal of Business and Management; Vol. 8, No. 24; 2013

Kenneth, P. (2012) Devolved Kenya and the Promise. The role leaders and Kenyans must play to deliver the promise. IPSCoD Leadership Forum.

Kotter, J. P. (1995, March/April). Leading change: Why transformation efforts fail. Harvard Business Review, 73(4), 59–67.

Lussier, R (2011).Management Fundamentals: Concepts, Applications, Skill Development. 5th ed. Cengage Learning

Merz, F (2013). Max Weber ́s Theory of Bureaucracy and Its Negative Consequences. GRIN Verlag.

Modlin, S. (2010). “Rationalizing the Local Government Decision Making Process: A Model for State Oversight of Local Government Finances.” Public Performance & Management Review 33 (4), 525-540

Morelli, C and Seaman, P (2007).Devolution and Inequality: A Failure to Create a Community of Equals? Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Vol. 32, No4 (Oct.,2007), pp. 523-538

Mwenda, A. (2010). Economic and Administrative Implications of the Devolution Framework Established by the Constitution of Kenya. Institute of Economic Affairs. November, 2010

Nyanjom, O. (2011). Devolution in Kenya’s New Constitution: Constitution Working Paper No. 4. Society for International Development (SID), 2011.

Office of the Prime Minister Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030. Sessional Paper No. 10 of 2012 on Kenya Vision 2030.

Swedberg, R and Agevall, O (2005). The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts.

Tordoff, W and Young, R (1994). Decentralization and Public Sector Reform in Zambia. Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Jun., 1994), pp. 285-299

Wanyoro,C (2014 february,22) Embu Governor impeached, Daily Nation

White, S (2011). Government decentralization in the 21st Century: A Literature Review. Report by Center for Strategic & International Studies. December 2011.

Wart, M.V (2012). Leadership in Public Organizations: An Introduction. M.E. Sharpe.


  • There are currently no refbacks.