FACTORS INFLUENCING IMPLEMENTATION OF SRATEGIC PLANS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KENYA: A SURVEY OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THIKA WEST SUB-COUNTY

ANTHONY AMBALE KEVOGO, Esther Waiganjo

Abstract


Strategic plans are considered to be very important in the management and success of organizations. While institutions prepare strategic plans to chart the course of the direction they will take, secondary schools have been faced with the challenges in the implementation of their strategies thus affecting the quality of education. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing implementation strategic plans in public secondary schools in Thika West Sub-County. The study aimed at determining the influence of resource allocation and organizational structure on implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools in Thika West sub-county. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The target population for the study was the 17 public secondary schools in Thika West Sub-County in Kiambu County. Stratified random sampling was used to sample 17 public secondary schools, 17 principals, 17 head of departments, 17 teachers, 17 BOG members and 17 PTA members. A total of 80 respondents participated in the study giving a response rate of 94 percent. Data was collected through questionnaires, interview schedules and observation. The instruments’ validity was tested using supervisor’s opinion and a pilot study in Thika East Sub-County. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and means were used to analyze the data. The analyzed data was presented in the form of frequency tables, bar graphs and pie chart. The study revealed the following: first, 87.5 percent of the schools studied had formulated and were utilizing their strategic plans. Resource allocation contributed the most to the implementation of strategic plans; followed by organizational structure. Parents and government were the main financiers of all the school projects stated in strategic plans Based on the findings, it is recommended that for public secondary schools to improve on the implementation of their strategic plans there is need to enhance teamwork, communication and transparency. The study also recommends that resources need to be adequately availed to capacity building, implementation activities and tasks based on the organizational structure. Decision making process should also be made open and participatory to enhance teachers and other BOM employees’ ownership of the implementation process. Research should be carried out on the effect of government policies on implementation of strategic plans in secondary schools in and influence of external environment on the implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools.

Key Words: Strategic Plans, Public Secondary Schools

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