FACTORS LEADING TO JOB SATISFACTION OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN NAIROBI COUNTY; KENYA
Globally, the job satisfaction of public school teachers has been a major problem. This has led to poor performance in public schools. With education being the key to the development of any country, it is in the interest of the stakeholders of education to establish the causes of dissatisfaction and thereby come up with measures towards improving it. The Kenyan government spends substantial funds in the training and placement of teachers, only to have a large percentage of the teachers leave the profession prematurely. This research was carried out in Kenya, particularly Nairobi County. The choice of Nairobi County was informed by the fact that after a review of literature a large proportion of teachers in this County were found to be dissatisfied with their jobs. The study focused on the factors leading to job satisfaction of public secondary school teachers. The specific objective of the study was to determine the factors that influence of job satisfaction of public secondary school teachers in Nairobi County. The respondents consisted of the public secondary school teachers. A total of 125 questionnaires were administered of which only 95 were completed and returned. This translated to a percentage of 75.4. The returned questionnaires were edited and coded before being analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. In view of the findings the researcher made recommendations that the government should improve factors that influence the job satisfaction of teachers in public schools.
Key Words: Job Satisfaction, Public Secondary School Teachers
Al-Husseini, M .A. (2008). Study of Job Satisfaction: The Relationship to Organizational Commitment, Perceived Organizational Support, Transactional Leadership and Level Of Education European Journal Of Scientific Research, 22(2): 286-95.
Amabile, T. M. (1993). Motivational Synergy: Toward New Conceptualizations of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in the Workplace. Human Resource Management Review. 3(3). 185
Armstrong, M. (2008). Human Resource Management Practice. London, United Kingdom.
Ayodo, H. (2009). Searching For an Answer to Education: The Standard Thursday, 28th February, P.4
Bagozzi, R. 1980. Performance and Satisfaction in an Industrial Sales Force: An Examination of Their Antecedents and Simultaneity. Journal of Marketing, 44 (Spring): 65-77.
Becker, B., & Gerhart, B. (1996). The impact of human resource management on organisational performance: progress and prospects. Academy of Management , 39 (4), 779‐ 801
Bennell, P. & Akyeampong. K.(2007). Teacher Motivational in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. DFID Department of International Development, 71.
Brown, G., Gardner. J., Oswald. A. & Oian. J. (2007). Does Wage Rank Affect Employees’ Well-Being? Industrial Relations, 2008, 47 (3) 355-389.
Bruce, W. M., & Blackburn, J. W. (1992). Balancing job satisfaction and performance. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Busienei, J. R. (2013). Effect of Business Strategy and Organizational Structure on the Relationship Between Human Resource Strategic Orientation and Performance of Private Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. (Unpublished PhD Thesis)- University f Nairobi.
Bryman, A. & Cramer, D. (2005). Quantitative data analysis with SPSS 12 and 13.Routledge, Taylor 7 Francis Group. London and New York.
Clark, Andrew E., And Andrew, J. Oswald (1996). Satisfaction and Comparison Income Journal of Public Economics. 61 (3), 359-381.
Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2006). Business Research Methods (9th Edition). USA: Mcgraw-Hill.
Deci. E. L. & Ryan R. M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum Press.
Dove, M. (Fall 2004). Teacher Attrition: A Critical American and International Education Issue. The Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 8-30.
Eshiwani, G. S. (1993). Education in Kenya Since Independence: Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers Ltd.
Finn, C.P. (2001). Autonomy: An Important Component Of Nurses Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 38, 349-357.
Fisher, C. D., & Locke, E. A. (1992). The new look in job satisfaction research and theory. In C. J. Cranny, P. C. Smith, & E. F. Stone (Eds.), Job satisfaction (pp. 165-194). New York: Lexington.
GoK (1980) Report of the Civil Service Review Committee 1979-80 - The S.N. Waruhiu Report, Nairobi, Government Printers
Government of Kenya, (GoK) (2007). Schemes of Service for Civil Servants. Nairobi:Government Printers.
Gregory, K. P., Judge, T. A., Bono, E. J. (2001). The Job Satisfaction- Job Performance Relationship: A Qualitative and Quantitative Review. Psychological Bulletin; 2001, Vol. 127, No. 3. 376-40.
Griffin, R. W. (1991), Effects of Work Redesign on Employee Perceptions, Attitudes and Behaviors: A Long-Term Investigation, Academy of Management Journal, 34 (2): 425-435.
Guthrie, J. P. (2001), High-Involvement Work Practices, Turnover and Productivity: Evidence From New Zealand, Academy Of Management Journal, 44(1), 80-190.
Hackman, J. R. ,& Oldham, G. R. (1980). Work Redesign. United States of American: Addison-Wesly.
Herzberg, F. (1959). The Motivation to Work. New York: Wiley.
Ingersoll, R., & Perda, D. (2009). The mathematics and science teacher shortage: Fact and myth. University of Pennsylvania, Consortium for Policy Research in Education. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from http://www.gse.upenn.edu/faculty/ingersoll
Ingersoll, R. M . (Spring 2003). Is There a Shortage Among Mathematics and Science Teachers? Science Educator Retrieved Dec. 10, 2007.
Ingersoll, R. M. (2001). Teacher Turnover and Teacher Shortages: An Organizational Analysis. American Educational Research Journal 38, 499-534.
Kalleberg, A. (1977). Work Values and Job Rewards: A Theory of Job Satisfaction. American Socialogiocal Review 42: 124-143.
Kothari, C. R. (1990). Research Methodology: Methods And Techniques. New Age International Publishers Limited. New Delhi.
Lane, K. A. Esser, J., Holte, B., & Mccusker, M.A. (2010). A Study of Nurse Faculty Job Satisfaction in Community Colleges In Florida. Teach. Nurse., 5: 16-26.
Locke, E.A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance, Prentice Hall P.4
Lukuyani, M. (2003). A Study of the Factors Contributing To Job Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction among Secondary School Teachers in Turkana District. Unpublished Masters Dissertation from the University Of Nairobi.
Luthans, F. (1998). Organizational Behavior, Boston, MA. Mcgraw-Hill.
Lynch, F. B. P., & Verdin. J. A. (1983). Job Satisfaction in Libraries: Relationships of the Work Itself, Age, Sex, Occupational Group, Tenure, Supervisory Level, Career Commitment, and Library Department. Library Quarterly, Oct. 1983, V.53:434-4.
Mishra, A., & Spreitzer, G. (1998). Explaining How Survivors Respond To Downsizing. The Roles of Trust Empowerment, Justice, and Work Redesign. Academy Of Management Review. 23.567-589.
Mottaz, C. (1986b). An Analysis of the Relationship between Educational and Organizational Commitment in a Variety of Occupational Groups. Journal of Vocational Behavior 28:214-228.
Mugenda, O. M & Mugenda, A. G., (2003). Research Methods; Quantitative and Quailitative Approaches. Acts Press, Nairobi, Kenya
Njue, C. W. (2003). Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Teachers in Nairobi Province. An Unpublished Research Project from the University Of Nairobi.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory (2nd Ed.). New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
Olando. M. A. (2004). An Investigation into Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers in Nairobi Province. Unpublished Masters Dissertation from the University Of Nairobi.
Oshagbemi, T. (2000) “Gender Differences in the Job Satisfaction of University Teachers”. Women in Management Review 15, 331-343.
Papadaki, V., And E. Papadaki. (2006): Job Satisfaction in Social Services In Crete, Greece: Social Workers’ Views. European Journal of Social Work. Vol. 9 (4), 479-49.
Reed, SA, Kratchman, SH & Strawser, RH 1994, 'Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intentions of United States Accountants: The Impact of Locus of Control and Gender', Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, Vol 7, No. 1, Pp. 31-58.
Republicof Kenya (1964). Ominde Education Report. Nairobi, Kenya: Government Printer.
Republic of Kenya 1980; The acceptance and implementation of the recommendations of the civil service review committee ,1979/1980 Waruhiu commission, Sessional paper No. 10 of 1980
Robbins, S. & Judge, T. (2008) Essentials of Organizational Behavior. 9th Ed. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
Robbins, S. P. (2003). Essentials of Organizational Behavior (7th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
Sargent.T, & Hannum, E. (2005). Keeping Teachers Happy: Job Satisfaction among Primary Teachers in Rural North West China. Comparative Education Review, Vol. 49, 2005.
Schlichte, J., Yssel, N., & Merbler, J. (Fall 2005). Pathways to Burnout: Case Studies in Teacher Isolation and Alienation. Preventing School Failure, 50(1), 35-40.
Sekaran, U. (2003). Research Methods for Business: A Skill-Building Approach. (3rd Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Shann, M.H. (2001). Professional Commitment and Satisfaction among Teachers in Urban Middle Schools. Journal of Educational Research, (Issue 2), 67
Sirima, L. C. N. And Poipoi M. W. (2010). Perceived Factors Influencing Public Secondary School Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Busia District. Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 1(11) Pp. 659-665 December.
Smith, P. C., Kendall, L. M., & Hulin, C. L. 1969. The Measurement of Satisfaction in Work and Retirement. Chicago: Rand Mcnally & Co; In Curry, J.P., Wakefield, D. S., James L.
Sousa-Poza, A. And Sousa-Poza, A. (2000), Well-Being at Work: A Cross-National Analysis of the Levels and Determinants of Job Satisfaction, Journal of Socio-Economics, 29(6), 517-538.
Thomas, K. W. (2000). Intrinsic Motivation at Work: Building Energy and Commitment. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Ugboro, I.O. (2006), Organizational Commitment, Job Redesign, Employee Empowerment And Intent To Quit Among Survivors Of Restructuring And Downsizing, Institute Of Behavioral And Applied Management, 232-257.
Weiss, H. M., Nicholas, J. P., & Daus, C. S. (1999). An examination of the joint effects of affective experiences and job beliefs on job satisfaction and variations in affective experiences over time. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 78, 1–24
Xie JL., And Johns, G. (2000) Interactive Effects of Absence Culture Salience and Group Cohesiveness: A Multi-Level and Cross-Level Analysis of Work Absenteeism in the Chinese Context, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73, 31- 52
Yang, J. (2010). Antecedents and Consequences of Job Satisfaction in the Hotel Industry International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol 29 (4), 609-619.
- There are currently no refbacks.