DRIVERS OF UTILIZATION OF IMPROVED ENERGY SAVING COOKSTOVES PROJECTS IN KENYA: A CASE OF BOMET COUNTY

LINNER CHEPKURUI

Abstract


In the developing world, there have been a number of initiatives aimed at supporting improved wood and charcoal burning cook stoves projects which have health, economic and environmental benefits. Worldwide about half of the populations’ energy consumption is dependent on traditional fuel sources including wood, charcoal, coal, and animal dung, along with traditional and inefficient stove technologies. Use of traditional inefficient cooking stoves is largely attributed to indoor air pollution from high level of smoke, deforestation caused by inefficient fuel consumption and climate change. Recent uptake adoption of improved cook stoves is slowly reversing this trend albeit slowly. To this end, understanding drivers of utilization of improved energy saving cook stoves is important. The study was be guided by the following specific objectives: To find out the influence of household characteristics on utilization of energy saving cook stoves; to investigate the influence of level of awareness on utilization of energy saving cook stoves; to examine the influence of quality on utilization of energy saving cook stoves; and to study the influence of cost on utilization of energy saving cook stoves in Kenya. The target population was 5600 households in Bomet County. The study adopted a descriptive survey of by use of a sample size of 100 respondents. A simple random sampling technique method was used and data was collected through the use of questionnaires. The secondary data was obtained from published documents such as journals, periodicals, magazines and reports to supplement the primary data. A pilot study was conducted to pretest the validity and reliability of instruments for data collection. The data was analyzed by use of both qualitative and quantitative methods with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 and excel. The correlation and regression analysis was used to establish the direction and strength of the relationship of the variables at 5% level of significance. The analysis showed that level of awareness had the strongest positive influence on utilization of improved energy saving cook stoves projects (Pearson correlation coefficient =.665 and p-value =0.005). In addition, household characteristics, stove quality and stove cost are positively correlated to effective utilization of improved energy saving cook stoves projects with Pearson correlation coefficient of .600, .587 and .555 with p-values of .008, 0.010 and 0.022 respectively. The study established that level of awareness was the most significant factor. The study recommends for similar studies to be undertaken in other counties in Kenya for generalization of the findings of this study.

Key Words: Energy Saving, Cooking Stoves, Household Characteristics, Level of Awareness, Stove Quality, Stove Cost

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